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False Rape Reports

After my Rape and the Police post, I said I’d do a follow-up on false reports of rape.  I do this for two reasons.

  1. False reports do happen, albeit rarely.  Rare or not, they’re worth discussing.
  2. By posting this discussion here, the next time I talk about rape and someone starts to derail the conversation by talking about false accusations, I can redirect the commenter to this post.

The issue of false accusations used to come up every time I spoke to men about rape.  It’s come up in almost every rape-related blog post I’ve written.

I worked with one rape counselor who told me flat-out she didn’t believe anyone would ever falsely accuse someone of rape.  However, I find there’s nothing so heinous that someone, somewhere, hasn’t done it.  (After all, look at the number of people who commit rape.)

I’ve been told only 2% of reported rapes turn out to be false, but I’ve never found a reliable source for that statistic.  A 1996 FBI report found that “Eight percent of forcible rape complaints in 1996 were ‘unfounded’ …”  This includes complaints found to be “false or baseless” … and therein lies a problem.

What qualifies as an unfounded report?  Many reported rapes aren’t prosecuted because those in the legal system don’t feel there’s sufficient evidence.  That doesn’t mean the accuser lied.  Likewise, is “baseless” the same as “false”?  How do we categorize or even identify cases where victims are bullied or intimidated into retracting their statements?

Playing fast and loose with definitions is how you get “Men’s Rights” groups reporting highly inflated numbers of false reports in order to show that rape is exaggerated and used as a weapon against men.

I believe false reports of rape are rare, but they do happen.  I wrote about one case in Michigan, back in 2004.  A student falsely accused a teacher of rape.  The teacher’s name was published in multiple newspaper articles.  The accused teacher’s fiancee was quoted as saying the false charges “took their toll on him,” and he later died of a heart attack.

I can’t imagine the fear and the anger and the stress he must have experienced.  The fact that he was exonerated and his accuser was arrested and sentenced for filing false charges doesn’t undo the pain he went through.

Here’s another example from Maine, which was reported only yesterday.  A woman allegedly made up a story of being raped by five men after a fight with her partner.  I can’t help noticing this line…

“[Police Chief] Craig said he plans to have the woman charged with filing a false report and plans to push for the maximum penalty.”

… and thinking, wouldn’t it be nice if police departments took real rape cases this seriously?

Lying about rape is a horrible thing.  It hurts the one accused, and it hurts victims of rape by giving fuel to those who would use false accusations to deny the reality of rape.  I have absolutely no sympathy for someone who deliberately and maliciously makes up an accusation of rape, for whatever reason.

I wonder though, how many anecdotal stories of false accusations are truly false.  When someone comments how a friend’s cousin’s buddy was falsely accused of rape, what does that mean?  Were charges filed and dropped?  Did the accuser retract her (or his) accusation?  Did the accused say “She’s lying!” and everyone simply chose to believe him?

False accusations are in many ways the reverse of rape cases.  Rape as a crime tends to be underreported and disbelieved.  Stories of false accusations, on the other hand, seem to be both widely believed and incredibly common … which makes sense, in a way.  After all, the first thing someone’s going to say when accused of rape is, “Oh, she’s lying.”

Discussion welcome, as always.  But as with other rape-related discussions here, I’ll be watching the comments and will moderate as needed, so please keep things respectful.

Mirrored from Jim C. Hines.



Jul. 21st, 2010 04:33 pm (UTC)
I might have some numbers in our giant pile of paperwork - I'll see if I can dig something out. Yes, the foundations for children in the foster system are usually severely cracked which can result in attachment issues.

One of the frequent examples in class was that of pre-teen or tween -aged girls that come from abusive homes. These girls often try to bond with their foster father, and can often not tell the difference between care (that a father might provide) and advances (that lead to abuse - most often of a physical nature).

However, we also talked a lot about how often children in the system are tempted in general to make false abuse accusations against their foster families. Most accusations are made by the children because they think it'll get them home faster -- they often don't comprehend what it takes to get home to their family, or feel they don't need or deserve to be any where else than their own home (even if it's an abusive one).

We walked through several report scenarios. Including ones where the children might be pressured to make false accusations by their biological parents (when contact is still allowed). In our state (KS) there's a lot of paperwork involved in keeping a child from the system in home and you're encourage to keep records of just about everything. Accusations (fake or otherwise) are one of the main reasons for the insane amounts of paperwork. But, having good and constant communication with your worker is also important. I don't think they had official numbers, but our workers told us that in the experience they had, and of the people they worked with at their organization, most of the accusations turned out to be fake.
Jul. 21st, 2010 06:02 pm (UTC)
It's kind of an interesting phenomenon because it seems, at least to my reading, to be a case where the powerless use one tool to try to change the power balance and strike out at those that have power over them. It makes me wonder how many other false reports of rape are like that.
Jul. 21st, 2010 06:46 pm (UTC)
From what I understood -- most kids that make false accusations do it for (mainly) two reasons: 1) they somehow think they'll be able to go home or 2) they think that something will eventually go wrong, and they want to have some control over when/where that happens. Typically as far as we understood it might not have anything at all to do with the foster family, and how nice/good they were.
Jul. 22nd, 2010 03:12 pm (UTC)
Well, with post-traumatic stress disorder it is possible to have flashbacks triggered by almost anything (smells, tone of voice, phrases, dynamics) which can set off a reliving of a previous abusive experience. So sometimes it is manipulative, sure, and attachment-related, but sometimes it comes from somewhere else. The compassionate response I've seen from a councilor I respect with kids like that is to listen to them, and take their emotions and response seriously regardless of whether they believe them. Eventually they can learn the coping skills to tell the difference between things happening now and things in the past being relived, but it's a skill that adults find hard to learn, much less children with less developed coping mechanisms.

Mix that up with the actual instances of abuse in the system, and you get a big fat mess. Memory is a fickle and imperfect thing, belief more so and rapists and abusers know both those facts and manipulate them to escape detection and punishment.


Jim C. Hines

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