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False Rape Reports

After my Rape and the Police post, I said I’d do a follow-up on false reports of rape.  I do this for two reasons.

  1. False reports do happen, albeit rarely.  Rare or not, they’re worth discussing.
  2. By posting this discussion here, the next time I talk about rape and someone starts to derail the conversation by talking about false accusations, I can redirect the commenter to this post.

The issue of false accusations used to come up every time I spoke to men about rape.  It’s come up in almost every rape-related blog post I’ve written.

I worked with one rape counselor who told me flat-out she didn’t believe anyone would ever falsely accuse someone of rape.  However, I find there’s nothing so heinous that someone, somewhere, hasn’t done it.  (After all, look at the number of people who commit rape.)

I’ve been told only 2% of reported rapes turn out to be false, but I’ve never found a reliable source for that statistic.  A 1996 FBI report found that “Eight percent of forcible rape complaints in 1996 were ‘unfounded’ …”  This includes complaints found to be “false or baseless” … and therein lies a problem.

What qualifies as an unfounded report?  Many reported rapes aren’t prosecuted because those in the legal system don’t feel there’s sufficient evidence.  That doesn’t mean the accuser lied.  Likewise, is “baseless” the same as “false”?  How do we categorize or even identify cases where victims are bullied or intimidated into retracting their statements?

Playing fast and loose with definitions is how you get “Men’s Rights” groups reporting highly inflated numbers of false reports in order to show that rape is exaggerated and used as a weapon against men.

I believe false reports of rape are rare, but they do happen.  I wrote about one case in Michigan, back in 2004.  A student falsely accused a teacher of rape.  The teacher’s name was published in multiple newspaper articles.  The accused teacher’s fiancee was quoted as saying the false charges “took their toll on him,” and he later died of a heart attack.

I can’t imagine the fear and the anger and the stress he must have experienced.  The fact that he was exonerated and his accuser was arrested and sentenced for filing false charges doesn’t undo the pain he went through.

Here’s another example from Maine, which was reported only yesterday.  A woman allegedly made up a story of being raped by five men after a fight with her partner.  I can’t help noticing this line…

“[Police Chief] Craig said he plans to have the woman charged with filing a false report and plans to push for the maximum penalty.”

… and thinking, wouldn’t it be nice if police departments took real rape cases this seriously?

Lying about rape is a horrible thing.  It hurts the one accused, and it hurts victims of rape by giving fuel to those who would use false accusations to deny the reality of rape.  I have absolutely no sympathy for someone who deliberately and maliciously makes up an accusation of rape, for whatever reason.

I wonder though, how many anecdotal stories of false accusations are truly false.  When someone comments how a friend’s cousin’s buddy was falsely accused of rape, what does that mean?  Were charges filed and dropped?  Did the accuser retract her (or his) accusation?  Did the accused say “She’s lying!” and everyone simply chose to believe him?

False accusations are in many ways the reverse of rape cases.  Rape as a crime tends to be underreported and disbelieved.  Stories of false accusations, on the other hand, seem to be both widely believed and incredibly common … which makes sense, in a way.  After all, the first thing someone’s going to say when accused of rape is, “Oh, she’s lying.”

Discussion welcome, as always.  But as with other rape-related discussions here, I’ll be watching the comments and will moderate as needed, so please keep things respectful.

Mirrored from Jim C. Hines.

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Comments

ginmar
Jul. 22nd, 2010 12:00 am (UTC)
The idea that rape is natural is a constant. It never goes away, but it sure is useful for weeding out people who aren't worth talking to. I think the two guys were entomologists, by the way.
(Anonymous)
Jul. 22nd, 2010 12:36 am (UTC)
The theory started with the entomologists and the idea that the male holds the female's wings to keep her from flying away. And then their analysis got propagated by the sociobiology camp.
Rape is about control. In the animal kingdom sex is not about control but procreation(possible exception bonobos our close cousins who are one of the few species besides us to have sex for reasons other than procreation - in their case most frequently to diffuse social tension). Rape also has a whole host of societal implication/consequences for the assailant and victim in humans that do not exist in other species. Rape does not have a true correlation in the animal kingdom. When studying animals we have to be very careful about anthropomorphizing (Merecat Manor is esp. bad about this).
bookishdragon
Jul. 22nd, 2010 12:37 am (UTC)
Sorry above message is me, it didn't log in.
ginmar
Jul. 22nd, 2010 12:43 am (UTC)
Nothing beats the squeals of outrage when you tell some outraged evo-psych dude that, no, asshat, you're not accepting his raftload of suppositions and biases. Good times, man. But, yeah, I remember that brouhaha. How come all this shit only works in mens' favor? Gee, women are naturally programmed to clean, cook, have babies, and wear lingerie! Why on earth would anybody be skeptical of those theories?

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