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False Rape Reports

After my Rape and the Police post, I said I’d do a follow-up on false reports of rape.  I do this for two reasons.

  1. False reports do happen, albeit rarely.  Rare or not, they’re worth discussing.
  2. By posting this discussion here, the next time I talk about rape and someone starts to derail the conversation by talking about false accusations, I can redirect the commenter to this post.

The issue of false accusations used to come up every time I spoke to men about rape.  It’s come up in almost every rape-related blog post I’ve written.

I worked with one rape counselor who told me flat-out she didn’t believe anyone would ever falsely accuse someone of rape.  However, I find there’s nothing so heinous that someone, somewhere, hasn’t done it.  (After all, look at the number of people who commit rape.)

I’ve been told only 2% of reported rapes turn out to be false, but I’ve never found a reliable source for that statistic.  A 1996 FBI report found that “Eight percent of forcible rape complaints in 1996 were ‘unfounded’ …”  This includes complaints found to be “false or baseless” … and therein lies a problem.

What qualifies as an unfounded report?  Many reported rapes aren’t prosecuted because those in the legal system don’t feel there’s sufficient evidence.  That doesn’t mean the accuser lied.  Likewise, is “baseless” the same as “false”?  How do we categorize or even identify cases where victims are bullied or intimidated into retracting their statements?

Playing fast and loose with definitions is how you get “Men’s Rights” groups reporting highly inflated numbers of false reports in order to show that rape is exaggerated and used as a weapon against men.

I believe false reports of rape are rare, but they do happen.  I wrote about one case in Michigan, back in 2004.  A student falsely accused a teacher of rape.  The teacher’s name was published in multiple newspaper articles.  The accused teacher’s fiancee was quoted as saying the false charges “took their toll on him,” and he later died of a heart attack.

I can’t imagine the fear and the anger and the stress he must have experienced.  The fact that he was exonerated and his accuser was arrested and sentenced for filing false charges doesn’t undo the pain he went through.

Here’s another example from Maine, which was reported only yesterday.  A woman allegedly made up a story of being raped by five men after a fight with her partner.  I can’t help noticing this line…

“[Police Chief] Craig said he plans to have the woman charged with filing a false report and plans to push for the maximum penalty.”

… and thinking, wouldn’t it be nice if police departments took real rape cases this seriously?

Lying about rape is a horrible thing.  It hurts the one accused, and it hurts victims of rape by giving fuel to those who would use false accusations to deny the reality of rape.  I have absolutely no sympathy for someone who deliberately and maliciously makes up an accusation of rape, for whatever reason.

I wonder though, how many anecdotal stories of false accusations are truly false.  When someone comments how a friend’s cousin’s buddy was falsely accused of rape, what does that mean?  Were charges filed and dropped?  Did the accuser retract her (or his) accusation?  Did the accused say “She’s lying!” and everyone simply chose to believe him?

False accusations are in many ways the reverse of rape cases.  Rape as a crime tends to be underreported and disbelieved.  Stories of false accusations, on the other hand, seem to be both widely believed and incredibly common … which makes sense, in a way.  After all, the first thing someone’s going to say when accused of rape is, “Oh, she’s lying.”

Discussion welcome, as always.  But as with other rape-related discussions here, I’ll be watching the comments and will moderate as needed, so please keep things respectful.

Mirrored from Jim C. Hines.

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Comments

morghanphoenix
Aug. 25th, 2010 05:46 pm (UTC)
WTF.

How about anonymity for men? Do you get that? Some protection from conviction in the court of public opinion. The damage to their life, their family, their reputation and career. All for an accusation that has not been proven. Every time I see a story in the media about a rape accusation the woman is referred to only as the victim and the man is named. The anonymity should go both ways, only releasing the details of the alleged attacker while protecting the identity of the alleged victim is just plain wrong.
jimhines
Aug. 25th, 2010 05:52 pm (UTC)
Have you read any of the comments or discussion on this?
morghanphoenix
Aug. 25th, 2010 06:01 pm (UTC)
I've read what's not below my viewing threshold. LJ is not as accessible as WordPress or Blogger on my mobile. Each click of "expand" takes about a minute to show a single comment.


Is there something specific you believe I am missing?
jimhines
Aug. 25th, 2010 06:06 pm (UTC)
Well, starting with my own comment directly below:

I'll grant that someone who is accused of a crime and found innocent generally should not be punished for that crime. But do they have any evidence whatsoever to show that this measure is necessary? Or is it all about "We think the women lie" and "We have to protect the mens from the evil women!!!"

In other words, I understand why rape victims are kept anonymous. Why do accused rapists require special protection? I'm not aware of any evidence that this is necessary. (I do know of a lot of overblown fears and male hysteria about being accused of rape, but none of the research I've seen supports those fears.)
morghanphoenix
Aug. 25th, 2010 06:13 pm (UTC)
That's the point right there. Being publicly accused of something like rape is punishment in and of itself. If proven innocent they've still had all the damage an actual rapist gets except incarceration. There is no such thing as innocent until proven guilty with rape, at least not in the areas where I have lived lately.

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